Get the answers you're looking for about North Carolina's Natural Heritage Program.
What Is a NHP Natural Area?
A NHP natural area is an area of land or water that is important for the conservation of the natural biodiversity of North Carolina. The Natural Heritage Program identifies these natural areas based on biological surveys, as authorized in the Nature Preserves Act (G.S. 113A-164.1 to 164.11). Although biologists receive permission from land owners and land managers prior to conducting any biological surveys, identification of these natural areas is based on ecological and biological information, rather than political or property boundaries.
Collectively, the full set of more than 2,500 natural areas that have been identified in North Carolina is expected to contain the best populations of rare species, their habitat, and exemplary natural communities. Overall, the goal is to include the full spectrum of organisms and ecological processes that compose North Carolina’s Natural Heritage.
A few NHP natural areas are added each year as biologists gain access to new tracts of land. Likewise, a few NHP natural areas are removed from the data set annually, as they are degraded by impacts or if better examples of priority species or natural communities are found.
Because conditions on the ground may change based on natural forces or land management decisions, we recommend that boundaries and data related to these natural areas be verified with a site visit before any land use decisions are made based on Natural Heritage Program data.
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What is a Registered Heritage Area?
When a landowner signs an agreement with the Secretary of DENR to voluntarily protect the natural heritage value of a natural area identified by the Natural Heritage Program, the site is considered a Registered Heritage Area. The Registry agreement is non-binding and can be canceled at any time, although the Natural Heritage Program appreciates 30 days written notice. The Registry is authorized in the Nature Preserves Act (G.S. 113A-164.1 to 164.11).
What is a Dedicated Nature Preserve?
Publicly or privately-owned Significant Natural Heritage Areas can be dedicated as State Nature Preserves under the Nature Preserves Act (G.S. 113A-164.1 to 164.11) to establish a lasting conservation commitment. A dedication agreement is similar to a conservation agreement in that it identifies specific activities, such as foot trails, that can occur on the property, and other activities, such as commercial development, that are prohibited. Dedications are approved by the Governor and the Council of State and are held in trust for the benefit of the people of North Carolina.